Bone Mineral Density (BMD) loss is a normal part of the ageing process. However, sometimes this loss may be accelerated, leading to Osteoporosis. This is a condition which can result in bones that are more prone to fractures, even from low impact.


  • 2.2 million Australians are affected by osteoporosis (Sambrook et al., 2002)
  • 11% of men and 27% of women over the age of 60 have osteoporosis (Nguyen & Eisman, 1999)

Risk Factors

  • Post-menopause (women)
  • Overactive thyroid
  • Family history of osteoporosis
  • History of corticosteroid use
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Decreased mobility
  • Smoking history
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • Low vitamin D levels
  • Low calcium intake
  • Malnutrition

What can Osteoporosis lead to?

  • Increased risk of falls → increased risk of hip fracture, which may require surgical intervention
  • Pain from fractures
  • Decreased mobility due to fractures and pain, which can lead to further BMD loss

How can physiotherapy help?

  • Implementing an evidence-based exercise program
    • Weight-baring exercise: effective in increasing BMD of the lumbar spine and hip of postmenopausal women (Bonaiuti et al., 2002)
    • Resistance exercise: high intensity resistance training is effective in improving BMD of the femoral neck (hip) in elderly men and women (Vincent & Braith, 2002)
    • Walking: effective in increasing BMD of the hip (Bonaiuti et al., 2002)
  • Providing advice and education that is specific to you, your needs and your goals
  • Assisting with mobility
    • Recommending, prescribing and fitting an appropriate mobility aid if you require one
    • Implementing a safe and appropriate walking program to improve your cardiovascular fitness

Bonaiuti, D., Shea, B., Iovine, R., Negrini, S., Robinson, V., Kemper, H. C., … & Cranney, A. (2002). Exercise for preventing and treating osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 3(3).
Nguyen, T. V., & Eisman, J. A. (1999). Risk factors for low bone mass in men. In Osteoporosis in men (pp. 335-361).
Sambrook, P. N., Seeman, E., Phillips, S. R., & Ebeling, P. R. (2002). Preventing osteoporosis: outcomes of the Australian fracture prevention summit. Med J Aust, 176(8 Suppl), 1-16.
Vincent, K. R., & Braith, R. W. (2002). Resistance exercise and bone turnover in elderly men and women. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 34(1), 17-23.

About Us

Generation Podiatry is a private practice that specialises in home visits. Save time travelling by receiving treatment in your own home. Our qualified podiatrists will be able assess, diagnose and treat a range of conditions.

Office Hours

  • Monday08:00-16:30
  • Tuesday08:00-16:30
  • Wednesday08:00-16:30
  • Thursday08:00-16:30
  • Friday08:00-16:30
  • SaturdayCLOSED
  • SundayCLOSED